Pushback Report 2021

Mare Liberum - Human Rights Monitoring in the Aegean

Mare Liberum e. V. documents human rights violations and border violence against people on the move in the Aegean Sea. On the life-threatening escape routes between Turkey and Greece, people are regularly pushed back by authorities with violent means to hinder them from reaching the EU. Through publishing testimonies, we make the voices of affected people visible and fight together to strengthen fundamental human rights. By collecting and publishing data on the general situation in the Aegean we increase pressure on responsible authorities to respect human rights and to hold them accountable for their human rights violations. Mare Liberum is politically and religiously independent and finances itself exclusively through donations.


© Maria Klenner/Mare Liberum

New assignment for ship MARE LIBERUM

Die MARE LIBERUM bekommt einen neuen Auftrag. Wir übergeben unser Schiff an die Aktivist:innen von Zusammenland, die den Kutter künftig unter dem Namen MARE*GO betreiben werden. Wir freuen uns, dass das Schiff nun einen neuen Auftrag bekommt.…

Statement: EU tries to dismantle human rights in vote on Instrumentalisation Regulation

The EU undermines its own rule of law by trying to dismantle asylum laws. After years of human rights violations at the EU's external borders, the EU is now trying to legally legitimise those crimes for the first time.

Pushback helpers: A new level of violence

In October 2020, Salam*, together with 15 people from Syria and Afghanistan, crossed the Evros River from Edirne, Turkey to Greece. They walked until the next morning through the forest on the Greek side of the border area.

Call for urgent consequences for Greece and Turkey

Mare Liberum documents and monitors human rights violations against migrants that are regularly committed at the border between Turkey and Greece. Since 2020, there has been a sharp increase in violence at the border. On the one hand, regarding the number, but also regarding the brutality of these incidents.

To give to good cause: Ship MARE LIBERUM

We have to give away our ship. As Mare Liberum e.V. we deployed the equally named ship for human rights monitoring in the Aegean Sea. After various attempts to block the ship, the Greek government finally introduced a law, which makes it impossible for us to use the vessel for this cause anymore. Therefore, we offer it to any good use.

Pushbacks from the Greek islands and in the Aegean Sea

Violent pushbacks are systematically carried out at European land and sea borders and constitute a fundamental part of the inhumane border regime of the EU. This article summarises eight testimonies of pushback survivors in Greece and contextualises them with public data on pushbacks and migration in the Aegean Sea, to reveal patterns of brutal pushback practices on Greek coasts.

Greece: Violence escalates and repression continues

People on the move are criminalised, journalists intimidated and solidarity structures are increasingly attacked. With repressive laws and criminal charges on flimsy grounds, the Greek government is trying to cover up its human rights crimes and silence critical voices.

Mare Liberum launches new project on land

The human rights activists of Mare Liberum are starting a new project, this time on land. The focus of the new project continues to be the observation of human rights violations and border violence.

Why Turkey is not a “Safe Third Country”

Illegal deportations, lack of protection, and precarious living conditions are commonplace for people on the move in Turkey. Nevertheless, Greek authorities classify Turkey as a safe country for protection seekers. Why Turkey is not safe.


Mare Liberum e.V.

Gneisenaustraße 2a
10961 Berlin

Account for Donations

Mare Liberum e.V.
IBAN: DE71430609671221431300